Kyrgyzstan is divided into seven regions (Kyrgyz: облустар, oblustar; Russian: области, oblasti). The regions are subdivided into 44 districts (Kyrgyz: аймактар, aymaqtar; Russian: районы, rayony). The districts are further subdivided into rural districts at the lowest level of administration, which include all rural settlements (ayıl ökmötü) and villages without an associated municipal government.
The cities of Bishkek and Osh have status “state importance” and do not belong to any region.
Each region is headed by an akim (regional governor) appointed by the president. District akims [akimi?] are appointed by regional akims.